State symbols of the Republic of Kazakhstan

State Emblem

The coat of arms is one of the main symbols of the state. The term “coat of arms” comes from the German word “erbe” (inheritance) and means a hereditary distinctive sign – a combination of figures and objects that are given symbolic meaning.

History shows that even the nomads of the Bronze Age, who lived on the territory of modern Kazakhstan, identified themselves with a special symbol – a totem, the graphic expression of which later received the name “tamga”. For the first time this term began to be used in the Turkic Kaganate.

The coat of arms of sovereign Kazakhstan was officially adopted in 1992. Its authors are famous architects Zhandarbek Malibekov and Shot-Aman Ualikhanov.

The state emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan has the shape of a circle (wheel) – this is a symbol of life and eternity, which enjoyed special honor among the nomads of the Great Steppe.

The central heraldic element in the state coat of arms is the image of a shanyrak (the upper vaulted part of the yurt) on a blue background, from which uyks (supports) radiate in all directions in the form of sun rays. To the right and left of the shanyrak are images of mythical winged horses. In the upper part there is a voluminous five-pointed star, and in the lower part there is the inscription Kazakhstan.” The image of a star, shanyrak, uyks, mythical horses, as well as the inscription “Kazakhstan” are made in gold color.

Shanyrak is the main system-forming part of the yurt, shaped like a heavenly dome and is one of the key elements of life in the traditional culture of Eurasian nomads. In the State Emblem of the Republic, the image of shanyrak is a symbol of a common home and a single Motherland for all peoples living in the country. The stable development of Kazakhstan depends on the well-being of every citizen, just as the strength and stability of a shanyrak depends on the reliability of all its supports (supports).

Winged mythical horses – tulparas in the state emblem are a key heraldic element. Since time immemorial, the image of a horse has symbolized such concepts as courage, loyalty and strength. The wings symbolize the centuries-old dream of the multinational people of Kazakhstan to build a strong and prosperous state. They testify to pure thoughts and the desire for consistent improvement and creative development. The golden wings of horses also resemble golden ears of corn and represent the hard work of Kazakhstanis and the material well-being of the country.

In past centuries, horns were actively used in the cult rites of nomads, as well as as the top of their battle banners. Images of heavenly grace, earthly fertility and military success in the form of the horns of various animals have always occupied significant places in the symbolic compositions of various peoples. Thus, a winged horse with a cornucopia is an important typological image that has deep semantic and historical roots.

Another detail in the state emblem of the republic is a five-pointed star. This symbol has been used by humanity since ancient times and personifies the constant desire of people for the light of truth, for everything sublime and eternal. The image of a star in the state emblem reflects the desire of the people of Kazakhstan to create a country open to cooperation and partnership with all peoples of the world. The hearts and arms of the people of Kazakhstan are open to representatives of all five continents.

The main color used in the national emblem is gold, which serves as a symbol of wealth, justice and generosity. There is also the color of the flag – sky blue, which is in harmony with the color of gold and symbolizes clear skies, peace and prosperity.

State flag

The flag is one of the main symbols of the state, personifying its sovereignty and identity. The term “flag” comes from the Dutch word “vlag”. A flag is a piece of cloth of established sizes and colors attached to a pole or cord, usually with a coat of arms or emblem on it. Since ancient times, the flag has served the function of uniting the people of the country and identifying them with a certain state entity.

The state flag of independent Kazakhstan was officially adopted in 1992. Its author is the artist Shaken Niyazbekov.

The national flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a rectangular panel of sky blue color with an image in the center of the sun with rays, under which is a soaring eagle (golden eagle). The shaft has a vertical stripe with a national ornament. The image of the sun, its rays, an eagle and the national ornament – gold color. The ratio of the width of the flag to its length is 1:2.

In the tradition of heraldry, each color symbolizes a specific concept. Thus, sky blue color symbolizes honesty, loyalty and impeccability. In addition, the color sky blue has deep symbolic meaning in Turkic culture. The ancient Turks always revered the sky as their father god, and their sky-blue banner symbolized devotion to their ancestor father. On the national flag of Kazakhstan, it symbolizes clear skies, peace and prosperity, and the single-color background symbolizes the unity of our country.

Based on heraldic canons, the sun symbolizes wealth and abundance, life and energy. Therefore, the rays of the sun on the country’s flag are shaped like grains – a symbol of wealth and well-being. The image of the sun in the state attributes of Kazakhstan confirms its commitment to universal human values and indicates that the new young state is full of life-affirming energy and is open to all countries of the world for partnership and cooperation.

The image of an eagle (golden eagle) is one of the main heraldic attributes, long used in the coats of arms and flags of many nations. This image is usually perceived as a symbol of power, insight and generosity. The golden eagle soaring under the sun represents the strength of the state, its sovereignty and independence, the desire for high goals and a sustainable future. The image of the golden eagle occupies a special place in the worldview of Eurasian nomads. They associate it with such concepts as freedom and fidelity, a sense of dignity and courage, power and purity of thoughts. The stylized silhouette of a golden eagle reflects the aspiration of a young sovereign state to the heights of world civilization.

An important element of the state flag is a vertical stripe with a national ornament located near its flagpole. Kazakh ornament is one of the forms of specific artistic perception of the world in strict accordance with the aesthetic tastes of the people. Representing the harmony of various forms and lines, it is an expressive means of revealing the inner world of the people. The national ornament along the shaft symbolizes the culture and traditions of the people of Kazakhstan.

State Anthem

The anthem is one of the main symbols of the state. The term “hymn” itself comes from the Greek word “gimneo” and means “solemn song.” The anthem acts as an important sound symbolism, which is of key importance for effective socio-political consolidation and ethnocultural identification of the country’s citizens.

In the history of independent Kazakhstan, the national anthem of the country was approved twice – in 1992 and in 2006.

After the republic gained state sovereignty in 1992, a competition was announced for the music and text of the anthem of Kazakhstan. Based on the results of the competition, it was decided to preserve the musical version of the anthem of the Kazakh SSR. Thus, the authors of the music of the first Kazakhstan anthem were Mukan Tulebaev, Evgeny Brusilovsky and Latif Hamidi. The competition for the best text was also won by the team of authors represented by famous poets: Muzafar Alimbaev, Kadyr Myrzaliev, Tumanbai Moldagaliev and poetess Zhadyra Daribayeva.

In order to popularize the sound symbols of the country, a new national anthem was adopted in 2006. Its basis was the popular patriotic song “Menin Kazakstanym”. It was written in 1956 by Shamshi Kaldayakov with poems by Zhumeken Nazhimedenov. To give the song the high status of the national anthem and a more solemn sound, the President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, finalized the original text. The Parliament of Kazakhstan, at a joint meeting of the chambers on January 6, 2006, made appropriate amendments to the Decree “On State Symbols” and approved the new national anthem of the country.

Lyricists: Zhumeken Nazhimedenov, Nursultan Nazarbayev

Music by: Shamshi Kaldayakov

Altyn kun aspany,
Altyn dәn dalasi,
Yerliktin dastans,
Elime karashi!
Everyday er degen,
Dankymyz shykty goy.
Namysyn Bermegen,
Kazagym mykty goy!

Menin elim, menin elim,
Gulin big egilemin,
Zhyryn big togilemin, elim!
Tugan zherim menin – Kazakhstan!

Urpakka zhol ashkan,
Ken baytak zherim bar.
Birligi zharaskan,
Tauelsiz elim bar.
Karsy algan uakytty,
Mangilik dosyndai.
Bizdin ate bakytty,
Bizdin ate Sorry!

Menin elim, menin elim,
Gulin big egilemin,
Zhyryn big togilemin, elim!
Tugan zherim menin – Kazakhstan!